In 1968 many years known as the birth of reggae music. Actually there is no specific incident that became a marker early origins, except for transitional society musical tastes and Rocsteady Jamaica from Ska, which was popular among the young in the first half until the late 1960’s, the new music rhythm slower tempo: reggae. It may be frenetic and fast tempo Ska and Rocksteady less hit by the social and economic conditions in Jamaica that is full of pressure.
The word “reggae” probably derived from the pronunciation in the African accent of the word “Ragged” (clumsy motion-like pounding the body in people who danced to the accompaniment of music ska or reggae). The rhythm of reggae music itself element influenced R & B music that was born in New Orleans, Soul, Rock, rhythmic Afro-Caribean (Calypso, Merengue, Rhumba) and Jamaican folk music Mento called, which is rich with African rhythms. The rhythm of music that many considered to be a precursor to reggae are the Ska and Rocksteady, a musical interpretation of R & B that developed in Jamaica is loaded with the influence of Afro-American music. Technically and musically done much exploration Ska musicians, among them how to shake the guitar upside down (up-strokes), putting pressure weak tone on tone (syncopated) and multi-rhythmic drum beats are complex.
Engineering and Rocsteady Ska musicians in playing a musical instrument, much imitated by reggae musician. But his music is much slower tempo with a thud of bass and rhythm guitar is more prominent. Vocal character is usually heavy with songs like pepujian pattern (chant), which also influenced tetabuhan rhythm, singing and mystical ways of Rastafari. A slower tempo music, in time to support the delivery of messages through the lyrics of songs related to the Rastafari religious traditions and socio-political issues humanistic and universal.
The album “Catch A Fire” (1972) who launched Bob Marley and The Wailers with a quick toss to the outside of Jamaican reggae. The popularity of reggae in the United States supported also by the film The Harder They Come (1973) and reggae rhythms played by white musicians like Eric Clapton, Paul Simon, Lee ‘Scratch’ Perry and UB40. Reggae rhythm was later affecting streams music in the decade after that, call it a variant of reggae hip hop, reggae rock, blues, and so forth.
Musical roots reggae is closely related to soil birth: Jamaica. When discovered by Columbus in the 15th century, Jamaica is an island inhabited by Arawak Indians. The name itself comes from the Jamaican Arawak vocabulary “xaymaca” which means “island of forests and water”. Spanish and British colonialism in the 16th century destroyed Arawak tribe, who later replaced by thousands of black bondsman from mainland Africa. The slaves were employed in the sugar industry and plantations are scattered there. Dark history of oppression among humans began and lasted until more than two centuries. New in 1838 removed the practice of slavery, which is followed by melesunya world sugar trade.
In the midst of heavy work and the threat of oppression, the African slaves to maintain attachment to their homeland with the maintain the tradition. They recounts life in Africa with the singing (chant) and sounds (drumming) is simple. Interaction with the employers who came from Europe also membekaskan cross-cultural product that eventually became the authentic folk traditions of Jamaica. When the black community in America or Europe with their African identity faded quickly, otherwise the black communities of Jamaica still feel the closeness with ancestral lands.
History of identity awareness movement of blacks, who then bertemali closely with the presence of reggae music, start sowing at the beginning of the 20th century. Marcus Mosiah Garvey is, a priest and Jamaican black activist, who threw the idea of ??”Africa for the African Nations …” and called for the movement of repatriation (repatriation) black community outside of Africa. In 1914, Garvey founded the Universal Negro Improvement Association (UNIA), socio-religious movement which was considered as a new identity consciousness movement for blacks.
In 1916-1922, Garvey left Jamaica to build the UNIA headquarters in Harlem, New York. It is said that until the year 1922, the UNIA had more than 7 million people are followers. Between the years 1928-1930 Garvey returned to Jamaica, and engage in political struggle of the black and in 1929 predicted the coming of a king Garvey Africa marking the liberation of blacks from the oppression of Babylon (the term for the white colonial government, referring to the scriptural story about Babylon that oppresses the people of Israel). When Ras Tafari Makonnen was crowned king of Ethiopia in 1930, who holds HIM Haile Selassie I, the followers of the teachings of Garvey regarded as a figure of Ras Tafari’s liberator. They also consider Ethiopia as a peaceful land of Zion-like paradise-for blacks inside and outside Africa. Subjects Garvey was morphing into the new religion called Rastafari with Haile Selassie as a god-figure in his
In April 1966, because of the threat of social conflict involving the Rasta, Jamaica’s government to invite HIM Haile Selassie I to visit encounter received by Rastafari. He delivered the message to provide land in southern Ethiopia for repatriation Rasta. But Haile Selassie Rasta also stressed the need to free Jamaica from oppression and injustice and make Rastafari as a way of life, before their exodus to Ethiopia.
The years that followed the credo of the movement continued to spread widely, the “reunification of humanity is his message, the music was the modus operandi, peace on earth as in heaven (Zion) is the goal, fight for rights is the way and eliminate all forms of physical and mental oppression is the essence struggle. “When Bob Marley became a follower of Rastafari in 1967 and a year later followed the birth of reggae, the modus operandi of spreading the teachings of Rastafari was found: reggae!